2011



..
9 1991








..
28 1991





-

..
5 1991



                
    ()     (). 
        :  -86,  -76,  -62 ,
-54, -154 , -134, -42, -40, -24, -26, -30, -96  -204
       (CO),  
  (CH),       (NO )  ,  
                                                   x
              ,   
.

() .

.



1.

              CO,
CH,   NO       SO              
        x         x
-            900   ,      
      ()       
  .


1.1.

             EI  ,
                                                                        CO
EI   = f ()  EI'   = f (T ) ( 1),
  CH                 NOx       
    :
    EI  -    ,        
    ;
    EI'     -        
      NOx
 ()   NO :
                                x


                       P
                        k 0,5
      EI'   = EI    x (----)    x exp [19 x (0,622 h  - 0,00629)],      (1)
        NOx     NOx     P                           
                         k


    :
    h    -                  
     
(  ,    );
     -  ,    ;
    P   T  -         ;
     k    k
     -    :


                                     G
                                      
                    = ---------------------------,                 (2)
                                  1,6
                           V   x P    x exp (T  / 300)
                                k           k


    :
    V   -      ();
     
    S -      , %.
              (  
(G ),  (G   ),       ).
  T             
             ( T ,  P  
                                                           H            H
   .
                          n
      -     i-    .
       i

n - .

N - - .



1



----+----------+-------+---------------------------------------------------
 N                , /      
/                                                          
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                                         3            
1  -8-2   -154 EI   = 6,915 x  + 0,9248 x              
                      CO                                              
                                                                      
                                         1,935                        
                    EI   = 0,4635 x                              
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                                                           -4    2    
                    EI'   = 16,88 - 0,136 x T  + 3,167 x 10   x T  -  
                      NOx                    k                   k    
                              -7    3                                 
                    1,616 x 10   x T                                  
                                    k                                 
                                                                      
                                               4                 6    
                    EI    = -4,138 + 9,216 x 10  x K - 1,426 x 10  x  
                      NOx                                             
                     2            10    3                             
                    K  + 9,81 x 10   x K                              
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                               2                      
2  -86     -86  EI   = 1,51 + 1,482 x                        
                      CO                                              
                                                                      
                                         4,565                        
                    EI   = 0,0492 x                              
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                                             -7             3         
                    EI'   = 4,44 + 4,233 x 10   x (T  - 350)          
                      NOx                           k                 
                                                                      
                                             4                        
                    EI    = 1,72 + 2,362 x 10  x K                    
                      NOx                                             
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
3  -30      -134 EI   = -8,83 + 8,231 x exp ( / 3,5)          
                      CO                                              
                                                                      
                    EI   = -0,847 + 0,829 x exp ( / 2,2)         
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                    EI'   = 0,43 + 0,127 x exp (T  / 140)             
                      NOx                                            
                                                                      
                                              4                       
                    EI    = -0,19 + 3,337 x 10  x K                   
                      NOx                                             
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                                1,007                 
4  -30    -62 EI   = 2,331 + 1,482 x                       
   -30    -76    CO                                              
   -30-154-154̦                                                  
                    EI   = -8,868 + 8,6 x exp ( / 10)            
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                                             -7            3          
                    EI'   = 3,157 + 1,77 x 10   x (T  - 350)          
                      NOx                           k                 
                                                                      
                                                               2      
                    EI    = 103,2 + 36,06 x lg (K) + 1,643 x lg  (K) -
                      NOx                                             
                              3                                       
                    0,297 x lg  (K)                                   
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
5  -36      -42  EI   = -0,039 x ( - 0,13) + 2,57 x           
                      CO                                              
                                  2                                   
                    ( - 0,13)                                    
                                                                      
                    EI   = -0,31 + 0,04123 x exp ( x 1,63)       
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                                         Tk                           
                    EI'   = 0,557 + 1,005                             
                      NOx                                             
                                                                      
                                      3    0,765                      
                    EI    = 4,236 x 10  x K                           
                      NOx                                             
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
6  -90    -96  EI   = -4,146 + 4,72 x exp ( / 4)            
             -204   CO                                              
                                                                      
                                              ( / 2,3)           
                    EI   = 0,09828 x 1,384 exp                        
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                    EI'   = 1,144 + 0,147 x exp (T  / 150)            
                      NOx                         k                   
                                                                      
                                      3    0,535                      
                    EI    = 9,897 x 10  x K                           
                      NOx                                             
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                                       2              
7  -25     -40  EI   = 3,65 x  + 1,155 x                
                      CO                                              
                                                                      
                    EI   = -1,54 + 0,947 x exp ( / 2,8)          
                      CH                                              
                                                                      
                    EI'   = -8,5 + 0,0294 x T                         
                      NOx                    k                        
                                                                      
                    EI    = 54,65 + 5,5 x ln (K)                      
                      NOx                                             
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                       1,2065                         
8  -24     -24 EI   = 1,84 x                                
   2    -24    CO                                              
   -24                                                           
   -24   -24                 -3        3,09                    
             -26  EI   = 3,47 x 10   x                         
             -30    CH                                              
                                                                      
                    EI'   = 3,1614 + 6,35 x exp (T  / 80)             
                      NOx                         k                   
                                                                      
                                         3    0,73                    
                    EI    = 5076,823 x 10  x K                        
                      NOx                                             
----+----------+-------+---------------------------------------------------


    :
    EI  , EI   = / ;
      CO    CH
                  -1    -1,6    0,6     9
     =  x    x H     x M    x 10 ;
    T  = K;
     k
    K -  .


1.2.

                
 (T , P , G   )  G       
           K   K        T
               (T ,   P ,   ).  
                                                       H     H     n
                
 ,   :


                    T   , P   , G      = f (n     ),
                     k   k             


    : n   -        .
          
    n          
                                     
        .    ""
            
    :


                                             ___
                                    760     /288
                          G    = G  --- x \/ ---;
                           T    T P        T
                                     H        H


                                         288
                             T    = T  x ---;
                              k    K   T
                                          H


                                         760
                             P    = P  x ---;
                              k    K   B
                                          H


                                              __
                                             /T
                                    760     /  H
                          G    = G  --- x \/ ---;
                           B    B P        288
                                     H


                                          ___
                                         /288
                             n   = n x \/ ---.
                                        T
                                           H


          (2)       , 
     1   EI    EI  .
                                                      CO     CH
      EI       EI'      
                      NOx                               NOx

1, (1) EI .

                                               NOx
                   
,             .   
    "     
         
",  .         28.12.84.      
              
            
       .            
       -1     
 CO, CH  NO    .
                    x
          :


                       EI    = 20 x S, / 
                         SOx


    (      S     
 ).


1.3.

, - , X :



                  M  = SUM  n x EI   x G   x t  + M    ,
                   X      i       ix    Ti    i    x


    :
    i  -    ( ,  , 
,    ,          900  ,    
);
    t    -             i-    (  
     i
          
  );
    M      -        X,    
     x
   (    2).


2



----+---------------+--------------+--------------------------+------------
 N                        ,           
/                             +--------+--------+--------+ 
                                   CH      CO     NO    , 
                                                    x              
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
1  -6          -76         0,501   4,825   0,909   195        
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
2  -6          -154        0,501   4,825   0,0909  195        
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
3  -6          -62        0,334   3,217   0,606   130        
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
4  -6          -42         0,167   1,608   0,303   65         
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
5  -6           -62         0,334   3,217   0,606   130        
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
6  -8           -134        0,039   1,402   0,184   47         
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
7  -12          -42         1,119   2,535   0,283   64         
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
8  -12          -204        1,119   2,535   0,283   64         
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
9  -9           -40         0,050   0,250   0,075   19         
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
10 -10         -86         0,105   0,848   1,650   210        
+---+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
11 -10         -96         0,105   0,848   1,650   210        
----+---------------+--------------+--------+--------+--------+------------


- T - N :



                    T
                   M   = SUM  N  x M  + SUM  N   x M   ,
                    X       K  k    x      K      x


    :
    M    -       ,   
     x
 (    3);
    N    -         
     
(            
     ).


3



----+-------------+---------------+----------------------------+-----------
 N                        ,           
/                            +--------+---------+---------+
                                  CH      CO       NO     , 
                                                     x           
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
1  -8-2      -154         1,909   8,948    4,787    391       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
2  -86        -86          3,623   3,199    6,088    522       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
3  -30         -134         0,475   1,692    4,167    267       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
4  -30       -62         1,140   6,277    3,641    389       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
5  -30       -76          1,260   6,970    3,772    404       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
6  -30-154   -154        1,284   7,069    4,074    436       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
7  -36         -42          0,137   0,673    4,311    227       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
8  -90       -204, -96  0,084   0,733    15,421   551       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
9  -25        -40          0,575   2,612    0,327    54        
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
10 -24, 2 .-24, -240,134   0,746    0,422    98        
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
11 -24       -24         0,174   0,788    0,465    100       
+---+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+----------+
12 -24      -26          0,174   0,788    0,465    100       
----+-------------+---------------+--------+---------+---------+-----------


: , , .



2.

                
  (G )          .        
                  T
    (H)      (V)      
         :


                            T   = T  /  (M);
                                 H


                            P   = P  /  (M),
                                 H


:

(M) (M) - ;

M - .

        EI  ,  EI      EI      ,  
                             CO     CH       SOx

1.2, T P T

                                     H    H                            
P  .
 
      NO    .
                     x
        K   :


                         K = 2,61 x I  x W x ;
                                     0


                                        P  V
                                         k  k
                             = 355,4 -----;
                                        T  G
                                         k  


                     -4             1/3     15,4 ( Ts / Ts)
         W = 8,4 x 10   (0,102 x P )    x 10                     ;
                                  k


                                      18 + 0,306 x T
                                                    k
               T  = 0,616 T  - ------------------ - 68;
                      S          k                0,286
                                     (P  / 1,1033)
                                       k


                          T  = 2262 +  T ;
                           S                  S


                                                 2
                       B = lg ( x (0,102 x P ) );
                                               K


                                         2            3             4
    I  = -1,958 - 5,0318 x B - 3,3958 x B  - 0,581 x B  + 0,2686 x B  +
     0
                                   5              6
                       + 0,1092 x B  + 0,01073 x B .


          EI     = f (K)   1  
                              NOx
EI   .
  NOx
           :


                                tn
                        M  =  EI x G  x dt,
                         X      0           T


    :
    t -   ;
    tn -      900 .
               900  
  ,            
 900 .
              1     
          (T  = +15 C, P  =
                                                           H            H
760    .  .,      =  60%)     - ,
                      n
            
 .

:



, %

, .

,

7

26

100

0,7

900

85

2,2

900

30

4



, 4 , - , .



4



, - ,

---------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+-----------
                              CH       CO       NO     
                                                       x       
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-86                           90,00    60,60    25,30    175,90    
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-62                          16,20    89,80    17,60    123,60    
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-154                          309,00   109,0    17,90    436,00    
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-154                         12,20    67,40    13,20    92,80     
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-134                          3,40     12,30    8,90     24,60     
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-96                           0,56     8,50     46,60    55,70     
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-204                          0,28     4,30     23,30    27,80     
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-76                           15,80    906,00   19,00    125,40    
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-42                           2,29     9,33     10,80    22,40     
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-40                           12,00    57,30    1,59     70,90     
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-24                           0,86     4,32     1,96     7,14      
+--------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+----------+
-26                           1,12     4,62     2,14     7,88      
---------------------------------+---------+---------+---------+-----------


5



----+----------+-------+---------------------------------------------------
 N                                   
/                                                          
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                            -4      3                 
1  -8-2   -154 TK   = 317,9 + 3,64 x 10   x N                  
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                          -3               2          
                    PK   = 1,89 + 4,3 x 10   x (N   - 50)           
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                            -4               3        
                    GB   = 17,95 + 1,88 x 10   x (N   - 20)         
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                               -4               3     
                    GT   = 912,6 + 0,05526 x 10   x (N   - 50)      
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                        (N   - 50)                  
                                                                    
                    R   = 487,85 x 1,071                              
                                                                    
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                            -4        3               
2  -86     -86  TK   = 304,2 + 4,43 x 10   x N                  
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                           -3               2         
                    PK   = 2,15 + 6,47 x 10   x (N   - 50)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                            -4      3                 
                    GB   = 4,675 + 1,51 x 10   x N                  
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                                        3             
                    GT   = 906,6 + 0,0766 x (N   - 50)              
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                        (N   - 50)                  
                                                                    
                    R   = 615,23 x 1,073                              
                                                                    
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                                       2              
3  -30      -134 TK   = 359,4 + 0,877 x (N   - 35)               
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                      -3               3              
                    PK   = 2,455 + 6,1   x (N   - 35)               
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                                       2              
                    GB   = 8,668 + 0,168 x (N   - 45)               
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                                          3           
                    GT   = 481,69 + 0,03808 x (N   - 53)            
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                                       3              
                    R   = 60,13 x 0,0329 x (N   - 40)               
                                                                  
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                             -4      3                
4  -30    -62 TK   = 340,42 + 4,33 x 10   x N                 
   -30    -76                                                
   -30-154-154̦                                                  
                                           -4               3         
                    PK   = 2,87 + 1,22 x 10   x (N   - 45)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                    GB   = 4,65 + 1,514 x exp (N   / 25)            
                                                                  
                                                                      
                    GT   = 9606,72 + 584,996 x N   - 10,84 x        
                                                                  
                                                                      
                       2                3                             
                    N   + 0,0664 x N                              
                                                                  
                                                                      
                    R   = 12,18 x 1,0745 N                          
                                                                  
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                             -3               3       
5  -36      -42  TK   = 451,94 + 1,61 x 10   x (N   - 40)        
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                              -4               3      
                    PK   = 2,8084 + 1,212 x 10   x (N   - 45)       
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                           -4               3         
                    GB   = 4,11 + 1,14 x 10   x (N   - 35)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                                          3           
                    GT   = 141,1 + 1,15 x exp (N   / 13)            
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                                       3              
                    R   = 401,68 x 0,078 x (N   - 55)               
                                                                  
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                             -3               3       
6  -90    -96  TK   = 423,46 + 1,18 x 10   x (N   - 24)        
             -204                                               
                                                                      
                                           -3                         
                    PK   = 2,68 + 8,17 x 10   x exp (N   / 11,5)    
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                           -4               3         
                    GB   = 13,63 + 8,3 x 10   x (N   - 53)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                    GT   = 425,6 + 0,091 x exp (N   / 8,5)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                    R   = 660,61 x 0,449 x exp (N   / 19)           
                                                                  
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                                 _                    
7  -24     -24 TK   = 526,14 + 25,144 x ln (N )                  
   2    -24¦                            0                   
                                                                      
                                             _                        
                    PK   = 6,09 + 0,56 x ln (N  - 0,06)               
                                            0                       
                                                                      
                                             _                        
                    GT   = 221,52 + 453,17 x N                        
                                            0                       
                                                                      
                                                _                     
   -24   -26  TK   = 538,53 + 20,17 x ln (N  - 0,02)            
   -24    -30                             0                    
             -24                                                   
                                                _                     
                    PK   = 6,5567 + 0,746 x ln (N  - 0,01)            
                                               0                    
                                                                      
                                           _                          
                    GT   = 238 + 493,387 x N                          
                                          0                         
+---+----------+-------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                         -2      2                    
8  -25     -40  TK   = 253,5 + 3 x 10   x N                     
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                          -3               3          
                    PK   = 1,6 + 1,78 x 10   x (N   - 28)           
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                           -3               2         
                    GB   = 2,55 + 2,49 x 10   x (N   - 35)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                    GT   = 173,47 + 0,297 x exp (N   / 13)          
                                                                  
                                                                      
                                         -3               3           
                    R   = 67,7 x 5,4 x 10   x (N   - 37)            
                                                                  
----+----------+-------+---------------------------------------------------


    :
    TK   = K; PK   = /. ; GBKC   = /;
                                 
                            _
    GT   = /; R   = ; N  - . .; N   = %.
                         0                      


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