. 34.51.101-90

2011
1 3




..
23 1990




1 1990
1 1995



- (), "", "".

23.04.90.

.. .



, 6 - 750 , , , - , .

" . 34-70-009-85" (.: , 1984).



1. ,

1.1. 6 - 750 : (), () .

.

1.2. - . - .

1.3. - , . - , .

1.4. () - , .

1.5. - , .



2.

2.1.

2.1.1. .

, , (), .

. 3 .

, 26720-85 9984-85.

:

, III ;

, ;

, ;

( ).

. .

2.1.2. L () :



                              L =   U K,                          (1)
                                        3


    :
       -          , /. 
          3
  . 1  4;
    U -    ,  ( 721-77);
    K -  .


1



-----------------------+---------------------------------------------------
       , /   
                 ( ),   ,     
                      +----------------+----------------+----------------+
                           6 - 35        110 - 220       330 - 7750   
+----------------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
I                     1,90            1,40            1,40            
II                    1,90            1,60            1,50            
III                   2,25            1,90            1,80            
IV                    2,60            2,25            2,25            
V                     3,10            2,60            2,60            
VI                    3,50            3,10            3,10            
VII                   4,20            3,70            3,70            
-----------------------+----------------+----------------+-----------------


() 1.

:



                                          _
                            L = 3 \/3 U K.                        (2)


2.2.

2.2.1. 1000 . 1.

, 6 , 1000 , . 1:

1000 2000 . - 5%;

. 2000 3000 . - 10%;

. 3000 4000 . - 15%.

              L ,      .  1,  
                                          3
.

4000 .

2.2.2. . 2.5.72 " " (), .: , 1985.

2.2.3. , (v, , Y, .), ( ), , :



                                      L
                                  m = --,                               (3)
                                      L
                                       


     L  -     , .
         

2.2.4. 6 - 20 150 . 2.2.3 . 35 - 110 , I - IV , . 2.2.3.

6 - 15 .

2.2.5. 110 - 220 I - III 35 I - II , . 35 III 1,5 /.

6 - 20 I - III 1,5 /.

2.2.6. 6 - 750 1000 2.

2.2.7. 6 - 20 3.

, .

2.2.8. IV - VII , . 6 - 20 IV - V , . , .

. 2.5.76 . . 2.5.80 .

2.2.9. 110 - 750 , I - VII , 50- , . 2.



2



50- 110 - 750

-----------------------------+------------------------------------
  50-  ,
    ,            ,       
+----------------------------+-----------------------------------+
110                         110                                
150                         150                                
220                         220                                
330                         315                                
500                         460                                
750                         685                                
-----------------------------+------------------------------------


: I - 3 , II - 5 , III - 7 , IV , V - 20 , VI - 30 , VII - 50 .

2.2.10. . 3.



3



----------------------------------+----------------------------------------
                   
+---------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
        I - III            
 (L  / D <= 1,4)                                
                                                                       
+---------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
                 I - III    - 
,      ,      
                     V
                                 ,      
+---------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
                  - 
                                   (III - VII )  
+---------------------------------+---------------------------------------+
                 
        (III - VII )                        
(L  / D > 1,4)                                                          
                                                                       
----------------------------------+----------------------------------------


. D - .



2.2.11. V - VII , , , , , , ( ) . .

2.2.12. , 1000 , .

2.2.13. 6 - 330 , , .

6 - 10 , , .

    2.2.14.                        
              10 
        40      
  ,        =
                                                                        3
1,4  /.             
                 
.

2.2.15. 100 , . . 2.2.1 2.2.14 , .



2.3.

2.3.1. , , () ( 1000 ) . 4.



4



----------------------------+----------------------------------------------
          , /¦
                   ( ),   ,   
                           +----------------------+----------------------+
                                   6 - 35              110 - 750       
+---------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+
I                          1,70                  1,50                  
II                         1,70                  1,50                  
III                        2,20                  1,80                  
IV                         2,60                  2,25                  
V                          3,10                  2,60                  
VI                         3,50                  3,10                  
VII                        4,20                  3,70                  
----------------------------+----------------------+-----------------------


6 - 220 , 1000 , : 2000 . 4; 2000 4000 . 4. 330 1000 6 - 220 4000 .

2.3.2. . . 4.2.54, 4.2.82 .

2.3.3. VII , , , , . . 2.3.8, 2.3.10 .

2.3.4. 110 - 750 . 5.



5



110 - 750

------------------------+---------------------+-------------------
                 
, ¦ , ¦  ,   
+-----------------------+---------------------+------------------+
110                    73                   80                
150                    100                  110               
220                    146                  160               
330                    210                  230               
500                    303                  335               
750                    455                  505               
------------------------+---------------------+-------------------


I - II 5 , III - IV - 15 , V - VI - 30 .

2.3.5. . . 2.2.1, 2.2.3, 2.2.4 2.2.9 : 110 - 150 - 1, 220 - 330 - 2, 500 - 3, 750 - 4 .

2.3.6. , . 4, IV - VII ( ), , , . 4.

, , () . .

2.3.7. ( ) 35 - 330 IV - VI 500 IV , . 4 ( ), 40%, . .

2.3.8. 35 - 330 - () , V - VII , , IV . 4. .

2.3.9. 750 , , , 110 - 330 IV - VII .

500 V - VII , , - IV .

2.3.10. 500 V - VII 750 IV , , . 4, .

2.3.11. IV - VII . , : , , . . .

2.3.12. VI VII 35 .

2.3.13. 6 - 35 , , 2 15150-69 15543-70. , , 3.

35 VI - VII 9920-75.

2.3.14. 110 , I - III 1,2 /, IV - VII - 1,5 / .

2.3.15. , VI - VII , . . (, .).

2.3.16. 6 - 20 2, , I - III . , , .

IV - VII , - .

2.3.17. 35 - 330 V - VII .

, , . . 2.2.10 2.2.11 .

    2.3.18.             
 6,6     I - VII   10,5     I - V
        20     = 1,7 /; 10,5 
                                                     3
      VI  - VII  -   20     = 2,6 /;
                                                             3
13,8  -  24      I - VII  -   35     =
                                                                        3
1,7 /.


3.

3.1. I , , , , , .

3.2. II ; , , .

3.3. 4.

, 4.

4 . VII .

3.4. , , 5.

3.5. 40 / . 6.1 6. 40 / .

10 .

3.6. . 6.2 1000 /, 1000 / 3000 / - . 6.3. VII 3000 / .

3.7. 220 7.

3.8. , 4, . 6.



6



-------------------------+----------------------------------------
                    
             
               +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
                          III    IV      V     VI     VII  
+------------------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
III                     II     IV     V      VI     VII    
IV                      IV     V      VI     VII           
V                       V      VI     VII    VII           
VI                      VI     VII    VII    VII           
VII                     VII                                
-------------------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+--------


VII IV - VII .

3.9. 8 , .



4.

4.1. , , , .

4.2. ( ), , .



1



(. 1.1 - 1.5)

, ,



                                =     ,
                                        


    :
      -   ;
     
       -        
     
 - .


1.1



                 
                                        
               
                       ( )


---------------------------------+---------------------+-------------------
     L  / D                    
                                                                     
+--------------------------------+---------------------+------------------+
     0,90  1,05 . 1,00              
                                . 1,05  1,10 .1,05              
                                . 1,10  1,20 .1,10              
                                . 1,20  1,30 .1,15              
                                . 1,30  1,40 .1,20              
        -                    1,0 (I - II )  
                                                     0,9 (III - IV )
---------------------------------+---------------------+-------------------


1.2



                 
                                        
                      


------------------------------------------------------+-----------
                                
                                                              
+-----------------------------------------------------+----------+
                                            1,20      
          1,25      
         1,15      
                                           
------------------------------------------------------+-----------


           .  1.1  1.2    
               
      .
             (, )
                                 
       1,0,    -
1,1.


1.3



                   
                                          
          ,   
          (     
                        110 )


---------------------------------------------------+--------------
                  L  / h                             
                                                             
+--------------------------------------------------+-------------+
 2,0  1,05 .                               1,0          
. 2,0  2,30 .                              1,10         
. 2,30  2,70 .                             1,20         
. 2,70  3,20 .                             1,30         
. 3,20  3,50 .                             1,40         
---------------------------------------------------+--------------


. h - ().



                
                                 
,    ,  1,0.


1.4



                 
                                        
               ( ),
                 (
                  ,
                      -   )


-----------------------------------------------------+------------
                                  
                                                              
+----------------------------------------------------+-----------+
1                                                   1,0        
2                                                   1,05       
3 - 5                                               1,10       
-----------------------------------------------------+------------


              5,     
        
                                                                 
      .


1.5



- , ( Y, , )

-------------------------------------------------+----------------
                                                
                                                              
+------------------------------------------------+---------------+
 //////    ///  ///                           1,10           
 --T--     --   --                                           
           \   /     ---+--       /\                        
  / \        \ /                 /  \                       
 /   \              -+-   -+-    ---+---                      
                  ///   ///   ////////                      
-------------------------------------------------+----------------


                         
-  ,            
       ,  
       .
               
                
                                 
,                 
       ,   :
               1    2


                                    L  + L
                                     1    2
                                = ---------,
                                  L     L
                                    1     2
                                   --- + ---
                                        
                                    1    2


      L     L   -        
          1      2
  .          
                                                                      
       , 
.


2



6 - 750

1. 6 - 750 1990 ., "".

2. ( ) . 2.1.



2.1



--------------+--------+------------+-----------+-----------+--------------
   ,     
                ,             ,  
+-------------+--------+------------+-----------+-----------+-------------+
70 (70),  127/146     255        303 +/- 13 1,1          
70            127         270        411 +/- 16 1,2          
70        -       127/146     255        303 +/- 13 1,1          
70       -       127         310        318 +/- 14 0,9 <*>      
70       ,  127/170     310        310 +/- 14 0,9 <*>      
120       ,  146         255        320 +/- 14 1,15         
120      ,  146         290        442 +/- 17 1,25         
120      ,  127/155     330        330 +/- 14 0,9 <*>      
160             146/170     280        370 +/- 15 1,15         
160           146         350        440 +/- 17 1,2          
210             170         300        370 +/- 15 1,15         
210            156         410        410 +/- 10 0,9 <*>      
300             195         320        385 +/- 15 1,1          
300            180         450        460 +/- 17 0,9 <*>      
400             205         390        475 +/- 15 1,1          
--------------+--------+------------+-----------+-----------+--------------


--------------------------------

<*> I - II = 1,0.



. - , - .



3. . 2.2.3 m 6 - 750 . (. . 2.1).

4. 6 - 20 . 2.2. 35 - 750 . 2.3 - 2.9.



2.2



6 - 20

----------+---------+----------+----T--------------------------------------
           , .
             +------------------+------------------+
                            6 - 10       15 - 20    
                                +-----+------+-----+-----+------+-----+
                                70Ŧ70Ŧ70Ħ70Ŧ70Ŧ70Ħ
+---------+---------+----------+----+-----+------+-----+-----+------+-----+
- -1         I   -    -     -    2    -     2    
              II  -    -     -    2    -     2    
-             III -    -     -    2    -     2    
                    IV  -    -     -    2/3  2     2/3  
                                                <*>        <*>  
                            V   2    2     2    3    2/3   3    
                                                     <*>        
                            VI  2    2     2    3/4  2/3   3/4  
                                                <*>  <*>   <*>  
                            VII -    2     -    -    3     -    
----------+---------+----------+----+-----+------+-----+-----+------+------


--------------------------------

<*> 15 , - 20 .



2.3



35 , 1000

---------------+----------+----------+---T---------------------------------
                     
                                , .         
                            +-----+------+------+-----T------+
                                     70Ŧ70Ŧ7070Ħ70
+--------------+----------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+
 - 1         I  3    -     3     3    3     
                           II 3    -     3     3    3     
                    III4    3     3     4    3     
                                  IV 4    4     4     4    4     
                                  V  -    4     4     -    4     
                                  VI -    5     -     -    -     
                                  VII-    6     -     -    -     
                        +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+
                        2         I  4    -     3     4    3     
                                  II 4    -     3     4    3     
                                  III4    3     3     4    3     
                                  IV 5    4     4     5    4     
                                  V  -    4     4     -    4     
                                  VI -    5     -     -    -     
                                  VII-    6     -     -    -     
+--------------+----------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+
   1         I  4    -     4     4    4     
                                 II 4    -     4     4    4     
                    III5    4     4     5    4     
                                  IV 5    5     4     5    4     
                                  V  -    5     4     -    4     
                                  VI -    5     -     -    -     
                                  VII-    6     -     -    -     
                        +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+
                        2         I  5    -     4     5    4     
                                  II 5    -     4     5    4     
                                  III5    4     4     5    4     
                                  IV 6    4     4     6    4     
                                  V  -    4     4     -    4     
                                  VI -    5     -     -    -     
                                  VII-    6     -     -    -     
+--------------+----------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+
    - 1         I  2*   -     2*    2*   2*    
                            II 2*   -     2*    2*   2*    
                                  III3    3     3     3    3     
                                  IV 4    3     4     4    4     
                                  V  -    4     4     -    4     
                                  VI -    5     -     -    -     
                                  VII-    6     -     -    -     
              +----------+          +---+-----+------+------+-----+------+
                          I  3    -     3     3    3     
                                  II 3    -     3     3    3     
                                  III4    3     3     4    3     
                                  IV 5    3     4     5    4     
                                  V  -    4     4     -    4     
                                  VI -    5     -     -    -     
                                  VII-    6     -     -    -     
---------------+----------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+-------


2.4



110 , 1000

---------+---------+----------+---T--------------------------------------------------------
                  , .         
            +-----+------+------+-----T------+------+-------+-------+
                     70Ŧ70Ŧ7070Ħ70120120120
+--------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
--1         I  7*   -     6*    7    6*    -     -      -      
              II 8    -     7*    8    7*    -     -      -      
-                    III9    8     8     9    8     -     -      -      
                   IV 11   9     9     11   9     -     -      -      
                           V  -    10    10    -    10    -     -      -      
                           VI -    12    -     -    -     -     -      -      
                           VII-    15    -     -    -     -     -      -      
                 +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
                 2         I  8    -     7*    8    7*    -     -      -      
                           II 9    -     8     9    7*    -     -      -      
                           III10   8     8     10   8     -     -      -      
                           IV 12   10    10    12   9     -     -      -      
                           V  -    11    12    -    11    -     -      -      
                           VI -    13    -     -    -     -     -      -      
                           VII-    15    -     -    -     -     -      -      
+--------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
- 1         I  8    -     7*    8    7*    8     -      7*     
                    II 9    -     8     9    8     9     -      8      
-                    III10   9     9     10   9     10    9      8      
                   IV 12   10    10    12   10    12    10     10     
                           V  -    10    10    -    10    -     10     10     
                           VI -    12    -     -    -     -     12     -      
                           VII-    15    -     -    -     -     14     -      
                 +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
                 2         I  9    -     8     9    8     -     -      -      
                           II 10   -     9     10   8     -     -      -      
                           III11   9     9     11   9     -     -      -      
                           IV 13   11    11    13   10    -     -      -      
                           V  -    11    11    -    11    -     -      -      
                           VI -    13    -     -    -     -     -      -      
                           VII-    15    -     -    -     -     -      -      
+--------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
--1         I  6*   -     5*    6*   5*    -     -      -      
                  II 7*   -     6*    7    6*    -     -      -      
                           III8    7*    7*    8    7*    -     -      -      
                           IV 11   9     9     11   9     -     -      -      
                           V  -    10    10    -    10    -     -      -      
                           VI -    12    -     -    -     -     -      -      
                           VII-    15    -     -    -     -     -      -      
        +---------+          +---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
                   I  7*   -     6*    7    6*    7     -      6*     
                           II 8    -     7*    8    7*    8     -      7*     
                           III9    8     8     9    8     9     8      7*     
                           IV 12   10    10    12   10    12    10     10     
                           V  -    10    10    -    10    -     10     10     
                           VI -    12    -     -    -     -     12     -      
                           VII-    15    -     -    -     -     14     -      
---------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+--------


2.5



150 , 1000

-----------+---------+----------+---T--------------------------------------------------------
                    , .         
              +-----+------+------+-----T------+------+-------+-------+
                       70Ŧ70Ŧ7070Ħ70120120120
+----------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
-  -1         I  10*  -     10*   8*   9*    10    -      8*     
               II 11   -     11    10*  10*   11    -      9*     
-              III13   10*   13    10*  10*   13    10     10*    
                     IV 15   12    15    12   12    15    12     12     
                             V  -    14    -     14   14    -     14     13     
                             VI -    17    -     -    -     -     16     -      
                             VII-    20    -     -    -     -     19     -      
+----------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
-  -2         I  10*  -     10*   9*   9*    10    -      9*     
               II 11   -     11    10*  10*   11    -      10*    
-              III14   11    14    11   11    13    11     10*    
                     IV 16   13    16    13   13    16    12     12     
                             V  -    15    -     14   15    -     14     14     
                             VI -    18    -     -    -     -     17     -      
                             VII-    21    -     -    -     -     20     -      
+----------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+
-1         I  9*   -     9*    7*   8*    9     -      7*     
                      II 10*  -     10*   9*   9*    10    -      8*     
                     III12   9*    12    9*   9*    12    9      9*     
                             IV 15   12    15    12   12    15    12     12     
                             V  -    14    -     14   14    -     14     13     
                             VI -    17    -     -    -     -     16     -      
                             VII-    20    -     -    -     -     19     -      
-----------+---------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+--------


2.6



220 , 1000

---------+--------+----------+---T-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                        , .                 
           +-----+------+------+-----T------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
                    70Ŧ70Ŧ7070Ħ70120120120160Ħ160
+--------+--------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
-- 1         I  14*  -     12*   14*  12*   -     -      -      -     -      
           II 16   -     14*   16   14*   -     -      -      -     -      
-                   III19   15    15    19   15    -     -      -      -     -      
                  IV 22   18    18    22   17    -     -      -      -     -      
                          V  -    20    20    -    20    -     -      -      -     -      
                          VI -    24    -     -    -     -     -      -      -     -      
                          VII-    29    -     -    -     -     -      -      -     -      
                +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
                2         I  15   -     13* 1515   13*   -     -      -      -     -      
                          II 17   -     16    17   14*   -     -      -      -     -      
                          III20   16    19    20   15    -     -      -      -     -      
                          IV 23   19    21    23   18    -     -      -      -     -      
                          V  -    21    -     -    21    -     -      -      -     -      
                          VI -    25    -     -    -     -     -      -      -     -      
                          VII-    30          -    -     -     -      -      -     -      
+--------+--------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
-1         I  -    -     -     -    -     14    -      12*    12*   -      
                   II -    -     -     -    -     16    -      13*    14    -      
-                   III-    -     -     -    -     18    15     14*    16    14     
                  IV -    -     -     -    -     22    17     17     19    17     
                          V  -    -     -     -    -     -     20     19     -     19     
                          VI -    -     -     -    -     -     23     -      -     23     
                          VII-    -     -     -    -     -     28     -      -     27     
                +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
                2         I  15   -     13*   15   13*   14    -      12*    -     -      
                          II 17   -     15    17   14*   16    -      14*    -     -      
                          III20   16    16    20   15    19    15     15     -     -      
                          IV 23   19    19    23   18    23    18     17     -     -      
                          V  -    21    21    -    21    -     21     20     -     -      
                          VI -    25    -     -    -     -     25     -      -     -      
                          VII-    30    -     -    -     -     29     -      -     -      
+--------+--------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
-- 1         I  13*  -     11*   13*  11*   -     -      -      -     -      
               II 15   -     13*   15   13*   -     -      -      -     -      
                          III18   14*   14*   18   14*   -     -      -      -     -      
                          IV 22   18    18    22   17    -     -      -      -     -      
                          V  -    20    20    -    20    -     -      -      -     -      
                          VI -    24    -     -    -     -     -      -      -     -      
                          VII-    29    -     -    -     -     -      -      -     -      
        +--------+          +---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
                  I  -    -     -     -    -     13*   -      11*    11*   -      
                          II -    -     -     -    -     15    -      12*    13    -      
                          III-    -     -     -    -     17    14     13*    15    13     
                          IV -    -     -     -    -     22    17     17     19    17     
                          V  -    -     -     -    -     -     20     19     -     19     
                          VI -    -     -     -    -     -     23     -      -     23     
                          VII-    -     -     -    -     -     28     -      -     27     
---------+--------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+--------


2.7



330 , 1000

---------+--------+----------+---T-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                        , .                 
           +-----+------+------+-----T------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
                    70Ŧ70Ŧ7070Ħ70120120120160Ħ160
+--------+--------+----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
-- 1         I  20*  -     18*   20*  17*   20    -      17*    17*   -      
           II 21   -     19*   21   18*   21    -      18*    18    -      
-                   III25   20*   20*   25   20*   25    20     19*    22    19     
                  IV 31   25    25    31   25    31    25     24     27    24     
                          V  -    29    29    -    28    -     28     27     -     27     
                          VI -    35    -     -    -     -     34     -      -     32     
                          VII-    41    -     -    -     -     40     -      -     39     
                +----------+---+-----+------+------+-----+------+------+-------+-------+------+-------+
                2         I  21   -     19*   21   18*   21    -      17*    -     -      
                          II 22   -     20*   22   19*   22    -      19*    -     -      
                          III277  21    21    27   21    26    21     20*    -     -      
                          IV 33   27    27    33   26    33    26     25     -     -      
 1 2 3 


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13.12.201814.12.2018
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